Friday, December 29, 2017

5 Tips for Interviewing Grandma and Grandpa

1. Don't delay and don't talk yourself out of it. It's time to capture grandma and grandpa in print, on video, via audio, or writing via the web. Grandma's life story or grandpa's life story is far more interesting than you can ever imagine. Really and truly, your own grandparents can tell you things that no one else can share. 

2. Find the story behind their pictures. A great place to start is to review an old photo album together. Record what they say about a few of their favorite pictures. You aren't going to have time to get the story behind every picture, but you can get a few of grandma's favorite memories or grandpa's favorite memories through pictures. Pick the ones that are really funny or the ones where their eyes light up as they tell the tale. A picture is worth 1,000 words.

3. Structure is good. You will probably be glad you did your homework and you know what you want to ask when you meet with your grandma or grandpa. You can always ask questions over the phone or email that tech-savvy grandparent with your questions. LifeBio's structure for example would have you ask about people in their lives, childhood memories and historical events, the real world of adulthood, and end with values, beliefs, life lessons, and more.

4. Pick a quiet place for an interview. If your planning to use a video camera, you'll want to pick a quiet spot free of distractions for interviewing grandma. If you are interviewing grandpa and the phone rings or someone walks in the room, it just takes away from the video. LifeBio's online system or iOS app are great options -- either type the bio online or video record inside the app! 

5. Smile a lot and speak up. Grandpa and grandma want to know that you are glad to be recording their stories. Also, be sure you are speaking loudly and clearly so you don't have to repeat questions. Mumbling is not a good idea when you are the interviewer. Have confidence in yourself and make sure they know how much you want these life stories told. You can help them do something important by capturing grandma's life stories or grandpa's life stories for all time. This is a priceless gift to both of you--and it just might change your life!

For more assistance with capturing life stories for yourself or your loved ones, please contact LifeBio at or call 937-303-4576.  We can help people learn how to write an autobiography! 

Tuesday, September 19, 2017

Personal Biography Services

YOU Are Special!

Each one of us is a wonderful, unique individual.  The way in which the people, places, and events of our lives have influenced us has made us who we are today.  How we interpret these events creates our world view.  Even so, there are many experiences that are universal, and remarkable historical events that we have all shared.  You are special - and people want to know your story!

Have You Considered Writing Your Life Story?

Many people think about writing their life story - but they don't.  The reasons are many: 

-I don't know where to start
-It's too time consuming
-There's no one to assist me
-It's expensive
-I don't write well
-Only "select" people get to write their life story

This list could go on and on... and it could not be more wrong!

Let's Dispel These MYTHS!

Writing your story is for everyone!  For one thing, reminiscing has been PROVEN to be beneficial to your health!  Remembering the good times - as well as remembering how you overcame hardship - helps you to see the "bigger picture."  It also helps underscore your purpose in life.  The best part is that you DON'T have to go it alone!  LifeBio is here to help you every step of the way!

LIFEBIO Was Created to Help EVERY Person Tell Their Story - Their Way!

LifeBio Senior Story Director, Tricia Cossette, says: 

"It's been my pleasure to work with hundreds of people from every walk of life!  The clients and I work together to come up the right fit for their particular circumstances. 

Some people like to write their stories longhand, and then they send their book to me to type for them.  For others, a personal biographer is the better choice.  That way, we can work together as a team on their story, and over the course of several phone interviews, I then create a beautiful book for them. 

I can't think of a more rewarding job than helping people tell their stories!"

CALL Tricia for Your Personal Solution...

It really is as easy as a phone call!  Just call LifeBio Toll Free at 1-866-543-3246 and ask to speak to Tricia.  She will walk you through the options available and help you choose just the right solution for you.  After all, IT'S TIME TO TELL YOUR STORY!

Tuesday, July 25, 2017

Writing Your Autobiography is the Beginning - Not the End!

biography, autobiography, share, story

It’s Time to Tell Your Story!

Have you ever considered writing your autobiography?  Or has someone ever said to you, “You know, you should really write a book!”?  Perhaps you are at the opposite end of the spectrum, and the thought has never even crossed your mind before.  Well, no matter who you are, or what walk of life you come from – it’s time to tell your story!

Who?  Me?

Yes!  Everyone has a story to tell. 
autobiography, biography, share, story
The unique people, places, and events of your life have all come together to make you the “one-of-a-kind” individual sitting there in front of that screen today.  Wouldn’t you love to have a document that was written by your parent, grandparent, or great-grandparent?  To be able to walk a mile in their shoes, experience what their daily routine was, and discover how they came to their most important life decisions?  Well, your children, grandchildren, and great-grandchildren want to know these things about YOU.  You see, your unique perspective on your family, on life, on historical events and how they impacted you is important.  All of us need to share these relevant facts.

Valuable Life Lessons

What is important to you?  REALLY think about this for a moment.  How do you convey these important messages to your family and loved ones?  All too often, we are so mired in the minutiae of daily life that we don’t talk about the BIG STUFF – you know, the really important beliefs and ideals that we want to pass along; the legacy we want to leave behind.  It has nothing to do with who gets the china set or the silverware or the portrait of Uncle George that hangs in the hallway.  These are the things inside your heart that matter the very most, and of which there is no physical remnant – UNLESS YOU PURPOSEFULLY CREATE ONE.

What’s In It For Me?

autobiography, biography, share, story
For starters, sharing your stories is just plain fun!  Remembering the good times when you were a kid, recollecting your favorite holiday, talking about a beloved pet, or a special teacher… well, the list could just go on and on!  Sure, there are the stories you’ve told your family before.  But as you DIG DEEPER, you soon discover the true treasure trove – a wealth of untold stories!  On the flip side, life ain’t always so great.  There are trials and tribulations in every life.  Sharing how you overcame these life obstacles serves as a wonderful teaching tool.  If you overcame this difficult patch, so too, can others.  This is the hope that you can give to others.  In addition, it helps you to be reminded that through it all, you survived.  You went on to accomplish much in your life – and this is a powerfully healing truth. 

I Don’t Know Where to Start

Truly, taking the first step is the hardest part.  Once you do, however, you will find that the process is truly EASY and enjoyable.  There are several paths to creating your autobiography.  Fortunately, offers these options for your consideration:

1)       Journaling.  Do you enjoy putting pen to paper?  If so, writing your autobiography using one of our journals is the perfect choice for you.  With options ranging from the simple Life Story Guide, to the Life Story Journal, to the comprehensive Memory Journal, you are certain to find one which suits your needs ideally.

2)      Online.  You don’t have to be tech-savvy to use our simple online platform!  Just create a user name and password, and you are ready to see your story unfold.  Inside our website, you have many options – you may create a daily journal, choose from a wide variety of specifically guided story outlines, or complete a FULL biography.  Each section prompts you with a question, which you may answer in as much detail as you choose.  You can even upload favorite photos, share recipes or family trees – and so much more!  Plus, our staff is always available to assist you – we are only a phone call away!

3)      Personal Biographer.  This service is priced to be budget friendly!  LifeBio is on a mission to make story telling as easy – and affordable – as we possibly can.  Therefore, we offer a very basic per hour pricing structure that allows you to control how much (or how little) you want to spend.  Our personal biographers are gentle, kind, and professional – not to mention excellent listeners!  If you choose this option, you may tell your story over the phone, and your personal biographer will then type it up FOR YOU!

In addition to all of the above, personalized leather-bound books may be ordered to further compliment and preserve your story!

Let’s Get Started!


Friday, July 21, 2017

"We Need to Talk" - All About Reminiscence Therapy

Reminiscence Therapy?  What the Heck Is That?
Reminiscence Therapy

For thousands of years, people have shared stories around the campfire, the hearth, and the kitchen table.  We human beings are practically pre-programmed to enjoy telling and sharing our stories.   Taken in its simplest form, Reminiscence Therapy (or RT) is recalling and discussing the people, places, and events that shaped us.  More than merely retelling the same old story, however, Reminiscence Therapy delves deeper and is used as a therapeutic tool that improves mood, reduces the use of pharmacological interventions, and improves quality of life.  Plus, it’s fun!

But… Is Reminiscence Therapy a Good Fit for ME?

The answer is a resounding YES!  Reminiscence Therapy is good for EVERYONE and can be used with anyone!  After all, everyone has a story – even if you don’t think so.  Your life is like a book with many chapters, and your life experiences are worth sharing.  No one on this planet is exactly like you – no one has lived the life you have lived.  As you share and recall your stories, many wonderful memories will come flooding back.  Conversely, there are times when memories can be difficult or even painful.  The key is to share these moments with an engaged and attentive listener, someone who can help you frame these events as one part of the larger picture of your life. 

How Does It Work?

It all starts with a question… but often not the question you would normally think to ask!  Reminiscence Therapy goes far beyond the weather, your local sports team, or what you’d like for dinner.  Engagement is key when it comes to RT.  When you are discussing the important details of your life, the listener needs to maintain a positive attitude and exhibit a genuine interest in hearing more about this amazing person in front of them.  Asking open-ended questions and utilizing personal mementos (photographs, keepsakes, etc.) makes the conversation more productive.   Reminiscence Therapy may be conducted in one-on-one sessions or in a group setting.  It is most important to discover what is most comfortable for the person sharing.  Feeling completely free to be open and honest – and even somewhat vulnerable – is key to a successful session.

I Want to Connect on a Deeper Level

If you are seeking to assist a patient or resident, or if you simply want to get to know a loved one on a deeper level, Reminiscence Therapy is the perfect tool.  You may think that you know all there is to know about this person – but do you really?  Reminiscence Therapy is learning the difference between:

I grew up during the Depression.


I was born in 1934.  As a child, I never knew that we were poor.  We had everything we needed – we grew our own vegetables and chickens, and we had bees, too.  There was a grape arbor in the lot next door.  My family was so loving, plus the whole neighborhood was in the same boat we were!  Everyone looked out for one another, and because of that, I felt rich!

Digging deeper provides a more poignant, complex version of the same story, and these specific and unique details bring back the memories in technicolor detail to the storyteller.  Feeling acknowledged in this manner leads to greater cooperation, and a deeper bond.

Utilizing Reminiscence Therapy in Special Circumstances

Reminiscence Therapy is an especially potent tool when assisting persons with memory loss or dementia.  This population may have a difficult time recalling a conversation they had just this morning, but ask about a specific event from their past, and you will likely hear a very vivid tale recalled with loving precision.  Knowing this information assists you in knowing what is important to this person – or conversely what might be a “hot button” topic to be avoided.  In this type of care setting, you want to provide your loved one or resident with the best possible quality of life.  Understanding them and how they became the person they are can assist you in creating a person-centered care plan based on what matters most to them.

I’m Interested – Where Do I Begin?

Help is available for communities and individuals seeking to learn more and utilize Reminiscence Therapy.  For over 15 years, has been the industry leader in capturing and sharing life stories.  With products ranging from journals, an on-line platform, and interviews with personal biographers, LifeBio has the right tool to assist you in developing your own Reminiscence Therapy program.  LifeBio captures life stories – promoting deep engagement, igniting feelings of purpose, reducing loneliness, and increasing emotional and spiritual wellbeing.  Story is a powerful connector, and EVERYONE benefits when each unique story is known and utilized.  LifeBio has options that are ideal for individuals, CCRCs, assisted living/memory care, long-term care providers, hospice, home care, adult day centers, hospitals, wellness centers, university programs, and more. 

Contact us to learn more:  


Monday, July 10, 2017

Reminiscence Therapy in Action in Senior Living and Nursing Homes

Reminiscence Therapy in Action

Take Advantage of LifeBio in All Areas of Campus

Reminiscence Therapy increases happiness and satisfaction with life, as evidence from LifeBio's study with Iowa State University proved. LifeBio also increases feelings of purpose and meaning. Interestingly, a recent Harvard study found that increased purpose reduces hospitalizations. Lessening loneliness also has major health benefits.

Here are ways that LifeBio adapts to various areas:  

SKILLED NURSING - Do you wish you had more volunteers engaged with your residents? College students are getting credit at Youngstown State University for working with residents at Park Vista, an Ohio Living community. This next semester over 30 students will be engaged there!    VOLUNTEERS ENGAGED IN REMINISCENCE THERAPY

Person-Centered Care Planning (483.21) – LifeBio’s 1-page profiles (Life Story Summaries) become the first page of the care plan, while increasing respect and dignity (Resident Rights 483.10). The "Story" belongs in the EHR, and LifeBio makes sure this is rich, accurate, and complete. Our Story Team ensures a professional, finished bio for each participant for photos and stories. For memory care, the new behavioral health regulation (483.40) is specific to personalizing care for people with dementia, while reducing drug use.    

MEMORY CARE - LifeBio's Personal Biographers interview family members of your memory care residents by phone (a permission/referral form is signed to initiate this). We spend approximately 45 minutes digging in to learn the deeper information about the person's school, work, family, accomplishments, and more. Personalize care plans by knowing more about the person's past likes and interests, while understanding more to reduce stress and misunderstandings. Nursing staff can SEE and USE the 1-page Life Story Summary in a beautiful and professional way, and the resident receives their own Life Story Book. Deliver on brand promises to deeply know each person's background and unique life story.  MemoryBio is also provided as a photo-based way (200 photos and simple questions) to engage people with dementia. 

ASSISTED LIVING - Whether it is a phone interview with one of LifeBio's Personal Biographers or a small group LifeBio class, assisted living residents love Reminiscence Therapy, telling their amazing life stories, and creating a lasting legacy. This is an excellent time to learn more about neighbors and become closer friends.  Check out the results from St. John's in Rochester, New York! Notice that they open up their LifeBio class to the community at large!  125 PEOPLE HAVE TAKEN THE CLASS SO FAR! READ MORE 

INDEPENDENT LIVING / WELLNESS INITIATIVES - Tech savvy independent living residents are setting up their own LifeBio web/app accounts as a result of the LifeBio program and working independently on their own stories (video recording in the iOS app).  In some communities, 6-12 week LifeBio 101 classes "kickstart" the biography process and build relationships, like a current engaging, fascinating class happening at Moorings Park in Naples, Florida. After the group class, LifeBio's Story Team works with the community and resident to FINISH the person's Life Story Book in a beautiful and professional way.  

Reminiscence Therapy supports ALL dimensions of wellbeing, especially emotional, vocational, intellectual, social, and spiritual wellbeing. 

In campuses with multiple areas of care, it makes sense to have the story FOLLOW the person through the years, making new memories as each day is a new adventure! 

Love to connect!  Please call LifeBio at 937-303-4576 or email  Ready to bring LifeBio to your community/organization?  

Friday, July 07, 2017

Music Therapy and LifeBio Reminiscence Therapy - A Lovely Pairing!

Reminiscence Therapy

Board Certified Music Therapist Natalie Spencer
uses the LifeBio Story Journal in sessions with her students
to connect on a deeper level.

Today’s story comes to us courtesy of Board Certified Music Therapist Natalie Spencer of Moorings Park.  Natalie found that she was having challenges coming up with ideas to stimulate meaningful conversation with some of her participants during their sessions.  She mentioned this to the Director of Wellness, Celeste Lynch, who suggested that Natalie consider using the LifeBio Reminiscence Therapy program with her Music Therapy sessions. 

Natalie shares…  LifeBio and Music Therapy have been a lovely pairing!  Together, LifeBio and Music Therapy are not only providing needed cognitive stimulation and healthy socialization opportunities, but also allowing opportunities for success and pride in accomplishments.  Using the music to validate shared memories and experiences has proven to be really poignant. Sometimes hearing an ‘old song’ will elicit memories that the person hasn’t thought of or had the chance to share for a long time.

The way that the LifeBio booklet is laid out makes life review and reminiscence very straight-forward and simple, which pairs quite well with Music Therapy for cognitive stimulation and maintenance of memory. I have started using the LifeBio booklet with three independent living residents at Moorings Park so far and everyone seems to be enjoying the process! I think it will be an extra special treat once we finish our sessions and they are able to have a finished copy of their life story; it’s a beautiful way to validate experiences, and adding the music for additional stimulation and support has worked beautifully!”

Recently, Natalie worked with resident Rose L.  Here is her story:

“My name is Rose. I am the very loving daughter in a close-knit Italian family from Massachusetts. My father bravely moved to America when he was 17 to seek a better life and eventually became a landlord and a tailor.  After the tragic and unexpected death of my mother while I was a teen, my father and I relied on each other to find comfort, and to learn how to cook and maintain the household for ourselves.  I met my husband (with whom my father was very pleased!), and we are still married to this day.

Rose and her husband on their wedding day.

We are now the proud parents of two sons, and the proud grandparents of two grandsons.  These days my husband and I reside in Naples, Florida, where we are both happily involved in many exercise-based and social eventsincluding the Music Therapy program led by Natalie Spencer!”  -- Rose L.

WOW!  We here at LifeBio are so honored and humbled every day as we help people tell their stories.  It is such a privilege to us to help both individuals and communities SHARE WHAT MATTERS MOST.

Are you ready to tell YOUR story?  Interested in learning more about using LifeBio for your family or in a community setting?  Contact us! 


#LifeBio #MooringsPark #MusicTherapy #RealStoriesofAmerica #sharewithus #lifebiostories #music #story #ShareWhatMatters #ReminiscenceTherapy #RT

Friday, June 23, 2017

Keys to Succesful Communication in Dementia Care

Dementia Changes People

Your loved one or resident is changing.  Your once gregarious, “life of the party” spouse is now reticent and restrained.  Your college educated, thoughtful father is now forgetful and impulsive.  And – perhaps the hardest situation of all – your once gentle and caring mother has begun to angrily lash out at caregivers, friends, and even family.  The manner in which you once communicated with these individuals is no longer effective.  Comprehensive dementia care must consist of a new, inclusive way to share information with those individuals with Alzheimer’s and other memory affective disorders.

It’s Important To Stay Positive

One of the basic tenets of interacting with people with dementia is to stay positive.  This can be hard!  Your resident or loved one may feel anxious or unsure of themselves or their surroundings.  However, it is important that you stay calm and be as reassuring as you can.  One way of doing this is to have a handful of topics at the ready that you know the individual finds to be soothing.  Talking about a favorite vacation, a beloved pet, or a special collection can help keep the conversation low key and pleasant for everyone.  Remember, touchpoints for this person are likely founded on events from their past, so knowing these details can be especially helpful.

KISS = Keep It Simple!

Persons with dementia are easily distracted – a blaring television or radio, loud noises from the hallway or another room, even traffic outside can often derail a conversation.  Whenever possible, limit as many of these distractions as you can.  Try to interact in as quiet an environment as possible.  Speak slowly and clearly.  Use your resident or loved one’s name often.  When you talk, keep your voice level and do not yell or shout.  Use specific place and people names to ground the conversation and help keep the focus on the topic at hand.  

The Five Senses Approach

When communicating with a person with dementia, it can help to have non-verbal props to assist you.  Personal items, pictures, or photographs can be shown to the individual to refresh memories.  A special playlist comprised of a favorite musician or a preferred musical genre can help you break through the communication barrier.   The use of a therapy animal (real or mechanical) appeals to the need to touch or stroke an object.  Even the sense of smell can be extremely evocative!  A favorite perfume or aftershave, or even a fragrant bouquet, can revive long-lost stories and act as a great conversation starter.

Building a Dementia Care Tool Kit

An effective dementia care plan should include a wide variety of tools.  Activities can help your resident or loved one to enjoy doing or talking about things from their past that continue to give them joy.  Look for opportunities for the individual to be of assistance – tasks such as sweeping or vacuuming can make them still feel useful and give them purpose.  Tending to a garden can be relaxing and fulfill a desire to be out-of-doors.  Using prompting memory cards or creating an autobiography can create a sense of personal accomplishment, while also crafting a legacy to share with friends, family, and caregivers.  


Be patient with your resident or loved one, and use your “listening ears.”  Give them time to form an answer.  Accept their responses and do not try to correct them or convince them that they are wrong.  Facts and figures may be confused or jumbled in their mind, and focusing on who is “right” can be upsetting.  To truly be successful when caring for a person with dementia, you must dig in and discover what is most meaningful to the individual.  When you know the person deeply, genuine and meaningful conversation results, supporting the individual’s care and well-being in a nurturing, holistic way.  Remember to relax and enjoy your conversation.  It should be a pleasurable experience for both of you – and that’s a true win-win for everyone involved! 

To learn more about all of the dementia care products 
offered by LifeBio, please visit us online here, email us, or call 1-937-303-4576

Friday, June 16, 2017

Front Porch Leads the Pack in Innovation!


For over a decade, has helped tens of thousands of people tell their life stories using our online platform, which guides the user through a series of biographical questions, then allows the individual to create his or her very own book.  In addition to serving the consumer, however, it has been the great privilege of LifeBio to assist senior living communities across the nation capture and preserve the biographical information of their residents, which staff and volunteers can use to focus their person-centered care plans to meet the unique needs of each individual.  


Recently, LifeBio received some feedback from Front Porch ( explaining how they used the LifeBio tool kit in an entirely new and innovative way!  Project Specialist Julie Santos from the Front Porch Center for Innovation and Wellbeing (FPCIW) shared the following:

Today we had our employee appreciation event. As a nice touch, we incorporated LifeBio Story Cards around the table to enable some engaging conversations we normally would not have with our colleagues. At our table, for example, we had conversations about vacations. Following that we had a question about gardening, and we stuck with that topic for a while. 

Then, the conversation turned around when someone talked about how her neighborhood growing up used to be an olive grove. I also heard feedback from another table. They had conversations about their favorite memories of their siblings. There was plenty of chatter in the room!


Julie also shared these beautiful photos from the day’s events, and the attention to detail that was put into making the occasion extra special for everyone involved is evident:


What a wonderful and creative way to get to know the people you work with!  After all, you SHARE over forty hours per week with these folks.  Shouldn’t you get to know them? applauds the network of Front Porch communities for thinking outside the box – and for deeply sharing not just with their residents, but with one another, too! 


For more information about www.LifeBio, our products and services, please contact us at:

Or call 1-866-543-3246
Or visit

Tuesday, January 03, 2017

How to Help Someone with Metastatic Cancer

This topic is on my mind because I am thinking of two friends with metastatic cancer, and I know that everyone can think of someone facing cancer in their lives. In both cases, these two people are under the age of 50 and they have young children or children in their early years of adulthood.  I suppose that's why I want to write about this because I am also at a similar phase of my life with my family.  I cannot pretend to understand what these friends are going through, but I can imagine that I would be very fearful and sad to think about my children coping without me.  There would be so much I would want to say now and in the future to them. He or she should be given the chance to record stories, memories, and advice. Encourage him or her to do so---it is a priceless gift and it should not be delayed. Despite very good treatment plans, it is a smart idea, whether someone is perfectly healthy or facing cancer, to capture life stories and key wisdom. They can also share the journey through treatment and document a "survivor story" too.  You can help with a digital recorder or video on your phone or any other method that is convenient to you and your family and friends.

If the person may need more help or you're worried that you would rather have assistance with the story recording, LifeBio is here with our main purpose of helping thousands of people say what matters most to their families and friends. LifeBio asks biography questions or survivor story questions that help elicit the important things that need to be said. Sometimes it takes the form of a one hour or two hour phone interview and then it is transcribed and turned into a Legacy the audio is uploaded and accessible for the family to listen to again someday.  Others have used our online system at to type out their memories (sign up and try it for free), following the questions provided. Still others have used the Memory Journal book as something they can carry with them and fill out while they are in waiting rooms or just when there is a little quiet time.  Family and friends can assist with the typing of the story or the writing in a book, of course.  If a shorter process is needed, other options are available that could be completed quickly.

Please let us know if we can help you help someone with metastatic cancer. We are here for the primary reason to help those with life threatening illnesses or those reaching advanced age.  You can reach us at 1-866-LIFEBIO or 937-303-4576 or email  See more at

Research Roundup on Reminiscence and Life Review

For thousands of years, people from diverse cultures around the world have passed on their traditions, beliefs, and advice through the telling of stories. When writing a life story or writing an autobiography or just sharing some key memories with family or friends, stories….

explained lessons of life
how to survive in difficult circumstances
why things have happened the way they have
and offered tales of great adventure, tragedy, or love.
People reminisce for these eight reasons according to Dr. Jeffrey Webster who documented the Reminiscence Function Scale: 1) Teach/Inform; 2) Conversation; 3) Boredom Reduction; 4) Death Preparation; 5) Identity; 6) Problem Solving; 7) Intimacy Maintenance; 8: Bitterness Revival.

In addition to the wisdom passed down, we now know that reminiscence and life review is a proven way for older adults to gain self worth, learn more about themselves, and give the gift of their stories to the next generation. Recalling life stories or even writing an autobiography should be encouraged at any juncture in one’s life, but primarily as people reach end of life.

There are a number of studies that have shown that reminiscence and life review affects people’s lives in extraordinary ways. We will explore some of the outcomes from those studies.

Why Reminiscence is an Important Part of Healthy Aging

Over 100 studies in the last decade prove that reminiscence is an important part of healthy aging and wellness. Sources: Critical Advances in Reminiscence Work, Jeffrey Webster and Barbara Haight, 2003. Transformational Reminiscence, John Kunz and Florence Gray Soltys, 2007. Reminiscence and life review has been found to:

Increase life satisfaction
Lower or prevent depression
Engage people with dementia
Promote social interaction
Reduce chronic pain
Assist with cognitive orientation
Improving staff/resident/family relations
Reminiscence and Wellness Work Hand in Hand

Studies have shown that older adults experience remarkable results when reminiscence and life review is encouraged.

Decreases Disorientation, Improves Social Interaction

A study demonstrated it is possible for older people with dementia to reminisce and that this is meaningful for them in particular, because of the losses associated with dementia. Another related case study used life review with groups of people with Alzheimer’s disease. They were assigned to groups with some participating in life reviews and others did not. Results showed significance for life review groups in decreased disorientation and improvement in social interaction.

Increases Life Satisfaction

With female nursing home residents, a study randomly assigned participants to a reminiscence group, current events discussion, or no treatment group. The results showed significant increases in life satisfaction in the reminiscence group.

Improves Resident/Staff Relations

Nursing home residents were interviewed with and without staff present and in either a reminiscence/life review format or a format more focused on the present time. The attitudes of residents toward staff improved with reminiscence and with the staff’s presence at interview.

Reduces Geriatric Depression

Newly relocated nursing home residents underwent a study to examine if life review could prevent clinical depression. Significant positive results were shown in reducing depression at the short-term testing stage with an additional decrease in depression and hopelessness at one year.

Increases Orientation, Competence After Relocation

A case study examined the use of a life review program with newly-relocated nursing home residents and it was found to decrease depression, while increasing orientation, perceived competence, and social interaction.

Increases Sense of Purpose and Meaning

After group therapy with older adults in long-term care setting over an 8-week period, this study found that the two treatment groups were significantly different from control group showing increased sense of purpose and meaning in their lives.

Is the Telling of Life Stories Key to Human Development?

Noted psychologist Erik Erickson examined human development by looking at the conflicts we face at each stage of life.

In Middle Adulthood (40s and 50s), we are most concerned with Generativity (vs. Stagnation). Generativity, when it is developed, is the establishment and nurture of the next generation. Through stories, we help the next generation know what matters most and seek the best for their lives. There is a concern and commitment to family that’s passed on. Storytelling is vital for building generativity.

In Later Adulthood (60 years-74 years), Erickson documents the psychosocial crisis as Ego Integrity (vs. Despair). Ego integrity is the ego's accumulated assurance of its capacity for order and meaning. Despair is signified by a fear of one's own death, as well as the loss of self-sufficiency, and of loved partners and friends. At this stage, the central task for people to pursue is introspection because they must decide what will make their lives fulfilling and come together in a community. This stage can result in a development and sharing of wisdom—especially through storytelling.

In Later Adulthood, we’re concerned with life but facing the fact that death will come. According to Erickson, people in this stage of life should have new intellectual challenges and take on new roles and activities. Writing one’s autobiography fits the bill by providing that challenge but also giving them a chance for the necessity of introspection. Through life review, they may also decide, “What’s my next pursuit?”

In Old Age (75 Years-Death), the psychosocial crisis is Immortality (vs. Extinction). This phase is focused on reflecting back on life. In this phase of life, Erickson cites the positive outcomes of life review, accepting death with a sense of integrity and without fear. Those who are successful in this phase do review and feel proud of their accomplishments and have a strong sense of integrity. Those who are unsuccessful during this phase will feel that their life has been wasted and will experience many regrets—leading to bitterness and despair. The developmental task, according to Erickson, is to cope with the physical changes of aging while seeing the “big picture” of life. Through reflection, individuals will see and know their own wisdom.

Autobiography = Chocolate? What the Experts Say...

Dr. Robert Butler, author of Why Survive? Being Old in America, coined the term “life review” fifty years ago. Before that time, researchers and physicians saw reminiscence as just a stepping stone toward senility and dementia. He disagreed with this belief and proposed that, as people age, reminiscence and life review were a normal part of healthy aging. Now large bodies of research show the positive outcomes from reminiscence and life review.
Dr. Gene Cohen, author of The Mature Mind, saw reminiscence as a critical brain activity and he remarked, “Autobiography for older adults is like chocolate for the brain.” Cohen cited a 2003 study by Eleanor Maguire and Christopher Frith that performed brain scans on people in their 70s and in their 30s while they were reminiscing. The found that the entire hippocampus is “lit up” in older adults, while 30 year olds only utilize one small part of the left hippocampal region.
Dr. Andrew Weil, author of Healthy Aging, encourages older adults to keep a record of wisdom, values, and life lessons in an ethical will, or heartfelt letter to loved ones. He writes, "An ordinary will … concerns the disposition of one's material possessions at death. An ethical will has to do with nonmaterial gifts: the values and life lessons that you wish to leave to others…At critical points in your life, take your ethical will and read it over. Add to it. Revise it and share it with people you care about. An ethical will helps you organize your own experience and focus on who you are. It's a spiritual inventory about what you want to pass on to others." Life stories can lead to a letter from the heart.
Reminiscence Touches All Seven Dimensions of Wellness:

Physical - The hippocampus is “lit up” in 70-year-old subjects who were monitored while reminiscing, promoting brain fitness in this way.

Social – Assists people in getting to know one another whether they are new neighbors or already friends.

Emotional – Empowers people to review their accomplishments and remember the joys and challenges of life.

Vocational – Helps older adults have a job to do by giving the gift of their wisdom and values to their children, grandchildren, or other loved ones.

Spiritual – Explore and see the “big picture” of their lives and explore one’s spirituality and beliefs.

Environmental – Improves the environment of elders by surrounding them with people who see more as people and less as patients.

Intellectual – Provides ample opportunities for learning about one’s self and exploring creativity through personal or group storytelling.

Background on Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia

Over 5 million people in the United States are living with Alzheimer’s Disease today. Alzheimer’s Disease is now the 7th leading cause of death. More than 50 percent of residents in assisted living and nursing homes have some form of dementia or cognitive impairment, and the numbers continue to increase. The national Alzheimer’s Association has a number of recommendations for caring for people whether they live in a community setting or their own home. Social interaction is critically important and people facing with dementia do have a need for meaningful activities that build a sense of community and are fun. The Alzheimer’s Association recommends that families and the person with dementia should summarize the individuals’ life story including past experiences, personal preferences, and current capabilities.

Number of People with dementia (Alzheimer’s Association)

Alzheimer’s is the most common form of dementia affecting people over age 65.

“The number of Americans living with Alzheimer's disease is growing — and growing fast. An estimated 5.4 million Americans of all ages have Alzheimer's disease in 2016. Of the 5.4 million Americans with Alzheimer's, an estimated 5.2 million people are age 65 and older, and approximately 200,000 individuals are under age 65 (younger-onset Alzheimer's). One in nine people age 65 and older has Alzheimer's disease. By mid-century, someone in the United States will develop the disease every 33 seconds.

These numbers will escalate rapidly in coming years, as the baby boom generation has begun to reach age 65 and beyond, the age range of greatest risk of Alzheimer's. By 2050, the number of people age 65 and older with Alzheimer's disease may nearly triple, from 5.2 million to a projected 13.8 million, barring the development of medical breakthroughs to prevent or cure the disease. Previous estimates based on high range projections of population growth provided by the U.S. Census suggest that this number may be as high as 16 million.”

What is Retrogenesis and Why Does it Matter

Dr. Barry Reisberg developed the term “retrogenesis” to describe the changes that Alzheimer’s patients experience. People experience life in reverse order, regressing toward childhood. They may lose the ability to manage their checkbook, dress themselves, bathe regularly, control their bladder and bowels, or speak-- reversing the order in which those skills were acquired as a child. Because events from childhood will resurface potentially as time passes, the importance of knowing past events through understanding a person’s life story —both positive or negative times of life—can be useful in delivering the best quality of care. Seeing the elder as a person who is moving backwards in time may help explain different behaviors and lead to understanding and love instead of criticism and ridicule.

Recommendations for Those That Work in Memory Care

Know the person’s life story – with the help of this person and his or her family members – in order to connect and cue them. The person will have a sense of comfort when they feel that they are known and understood, and it will help caregivers be more confident and patient.
Hold attention for short periods of time to gather memories. Asking just one question and listening intently for the answer…or giving the person choices for their answer may be helpful. “Tell me about a tree when you were a kid. Did you have an apple tree or a maple tree or another kind of tree?” Group settings may be ineffective when doing personal reminiscence work.
Use all the senses to the fullest – bring object associated reminiscence works. Bringing a branch of a tree, a leaf, or a pine cone will help prompt a memory of a tree when the person was younger.
Try “Outside the box” activities. Watching you do activities is okay too. Would a former scientist or professor enjoy watching or participating in a science experiment? Could someone who had a horse like to see children getting pony rides? If the life story is recorded, with the senior enjoy someone reading their stories to them and looking at the pictures?
LifeBio’s MemoryBio—a resource with over 200 photos and questions ready for a life enriching activity to prompt discussions (digital and physical product).
Involve families because they should see reminiscence as an important part of ensuring quality of care and quality of life. If we don’t know someone, we can’t care as much for them. Knowing more details can allow us to connect in a more meaningful way.
Ensure there is genuine, loving one-on-one communication. Elders with memory impairment still know when they are being ignored or patronized in a conversation. Truly listening is a gift you can give to those with dementia—even if some things or all things don’t make sense.

“I truly believe that true person-centered care only happens when people feel they are deeply loved and valued in their community—whether they are staff members or residents. When people know more about each other (through sharing those unique and personal life stories), they can really become as close as family…maybe even closer. I know we can reach a new level of caring. Individual’s stories become like gold—especially as one ages and experiences loss. When older adults finally are given an opportunity to have someone really listen and help record their stories and wisdom, they feel a new sense of peace and happiness. What a gift.”

--Beth Sanders, Founder & CEO,

The Impact of Reminiscence Programming
on Overall Operations in Senior Living or Health Settings

With the continuing evolution of person-centered care and the importance of achieving quality by providing more individualized approaches in active adult, assisted living, skilled nursing, CCRC, and home care settings, communities have an increasing interest in reminiscence and life review programming and see the potential impact on overall operations.

In competitive markets, current or prospective residents and their loved ones have very high expectations for service that, in turn, require the community’s staff to have an even deeper knowledge of each person’s background, events, and values in order to meet and exceed these expectations. At the core, relationships matter—whether meeting a person for the first time, speaking with a family member, in everyday interactions, or when facing end of life.

The community sees a life story program as a critical part of person-centered care or their culture change journey. They do NOT see a life story program as just an activity but it becomes part of the process for admissions, marketing, social work, and even nursing care. Upfront training of staff members ensures the program’s success and helps it reach as many participants as possible.

The elder community involves the community at large as much as possible. Family members, students, and volunteers are easily plugged into the process, trained, and empowered to tell a resident’s story. Communities use all different types of media to meet the needs of their residents including a book of questions everyone can use, a web-based system, video/audio recording options, and one-on-one and group activities. Flexibility and an ongoing commitment from all levels of management, and especially executive management, are keys to success.

"All too often we learn all of these wonderful things about our residents at their memorial service after it’s too late. We need to learn more about who they really are while we have the opportunity--when we are lucky enough to be chosen as their caregivers. We need to build on the relationship between caregivers and elders. What better way to accomplish this than by helping them write their life stories?”

-- Donna G. Life Enrichment

There are a number of ways that focusing on the life stories of residents leads to improvements in the overall operations of a community:


Reminiscence is found to touch all dimensions of wellness. In addition, as the life story is learned, it helps to improve relationships between staff and residents. It is important to promote engagement and ensure people are not just focusing on physical fitness but on overall wellness.

Social Wellness – connecting people to promote friendship, seeing what they have in common
Spiritual Wellness – seeing the “big picture” of life and the importance of faith and values
Emotional Wellness – exploring the joys and challenges, strength from overcoming obstacles
Intellectual Wellness – learning about one’s own life and the life of peers, writing, sharing
Physical Wellness – reminiscence found to lower physical pain and feelings of depression
Vocational Wellness – recording life stories gives people an important life pursuit

Genetics plays an important role in successful, active aging and wellness, and the choices people make every day are critical too. Cognitive stimulation matters, but the Dana Alliance for Brain Initiatives also noted that physical exercise, diet, social connections, how we manage stress, and seeing the self and the world in a positive way are also important too.

Dr. Robert Butler, author of Why Survive? Being Old in America, coined the term “life review” fifty years ago. Before that time, researchers and physicians saw reminiscence as just a stepping stone toward senility and dementia. He disagreed with this belief and proposed that, as people age, reminiscence and life review were a normal part of healthy aging. Now large bodies of research show the positive outcomes from reminiscence and life review.


Reminiscence is believed to stimulate the hippocampus area of the brain where memories are stored. Reminiscence and recording the life stories are critical for people experiencing Alzheimer’s or another form of dementia. The detailed information gathered could be vital to current and ongoing delivery of service and care.

Going the extra mile in providing the best possible tools for brain fitness and memory care could make the difference between someone living independently and someone needing higher, costlier levels of nursing care.

Personal interaction matters too in promoting positive brain health. “There’s a lot of evidence that other people are the most unpredictable things you can encounter. So activities that have you engaging with other human beings are a fantastic form of brain exercise.” said Lawrence Katz, Neurobiologist.


Communities are expanding their services with home and community-based services and hospice. Companionship services offered in non-medical home care can be enhanced by providing reminiscence tools to use with clients. During the time spent visiting, there is the chance to do something meaningful and life changing by reminiscing and recording the older person’s life story—a priceless gift to the family. Providing simple ways for people in hospice care to create an ethical will or to answer at least a few autobiographical questions is much appreciated when it is possible.

“I wish I would have known that about him when he was alive,” is too often a refrain heard after staff (and even family members) attend a memorial service. Knowing more about someone’s life can lead to appreciating the whole person’s life journey. This person was a child, a teenager, a worker, a parent, and a grandparent. They experienced joys and challenges through the years. As staff members see the common experiences and feelings and amazing life events in clearer view, it commonly improves service and care. In addition, learning more about the person’s past can only lead to more compassion at the end of life. Life review typically helps the dying person experience more love, more hope, and more peace when they are reminded of their accomplishments, their family relationships, their beliefs, and more.


Not every community today offers a comprehensive, consistent reminiscence program—therefore this innovative approach differentiates communities from their competitors and demonstrates a very high level of caring. As in-depth life stories are captured, there are a number of great publicity opportunities that result via newspaper, TV, radio, and online. In some progressive communities, the waiting list members or prospects are even invited to participate on campus in autobiography writing classes to build relationships between current residents and people who may be making a decision about moving to the community soon.


Reminiscence provides interesting lifelong learning classes and fun activities that can be easily adapted for independent living, assisted living, skilled nursing, adult day services, or memory care. The key to excellence is breaking out of standard activity patterns and the “same old, same old” conversation patterns where weather, health, sports, and food topics dominate. Expanding communication builds new, genuine friendships and a dynamic environment. Conversations should move to a rich mix of topics -- personal accomplishments, childhood memories, historical events, hobbies, values, and aspects of daily life that this person has always loved. Innovative communities are being intentional about relationship building. Reminiscence activities take on a new dimension when they include recording the personal memories for the resident and his or her family as well. Writing in a journal, giving residents online access to type a memoir, or pairing them with a student are all options. Also, residents in many communities can lead reminiscence classes or serve in a leadership role in the overall reminiscence program. Former teachers, social workers, or clergy are excellent facilitators of autobiography classes.


Family members struggle to know what to say when they visit. Reminiscence tools help them have a reason and structure for visiting. Adult or youth volunteers are involved in capturing memories and building relationships with residents in nursing homes or assisted living. It is a “win-win” situation when residents can volunteer to share their life stories and middle or high school students can volunteer to help in the recording process via the web, in journals, on storyboards, or through video. Youth are mentored by the older adult in the process, learning important communication skills along the way.


Because of the numerous opportunities for employees to volunteer as part of a community reminiscence program OR because the community-at-large can be provided with free presentations, such as a “Tell Your Story” workshop, there are a number of ways that a senior living community can give back to their neighborhood, city, county, church partners, etc. Non-profit retirement communities can reach out to in-home caregivers, YMCAs, and other senior services and community-based organizations to provide free informational sessions on recording a biography to help in building relationships, keeping people engaged in the community, and touching all dimensions of wellness.


Attracting and keeping the best talent is always a struggle. Many people who enjoy working in long-term care or community settings had positive experiences with older adults in their lives when they were in their youth. The potential is there for a new generation to gain immensely from the wisdom and experience of older adults—and to choose a career serving older people as a result. With the growth in the aging population, this is vital for the future. In addition, communities that build genuine relationships between staff and residents typically experience lower turnover.


Organizations and communities should consider the beneficial outcomes from incorporating a reminiscence program. Although every community is different, positive results from capturing life stories should be expected.

For more information on Life Bio’s programs for elder communities and community-based organizations, please call 1-866-LIFEBIO or email us at Please request an information packet on how to implement LifeBio in your community.

Alzheimer’s Association -
Webster, Jeffrey & Haight, Barbara. Critical Advances in Reminiscence Work. Springer Publishing. (2002)
Weil, Andrew. Healthy Aging. (2005)
Dementia Care Practice Recommendations for Assisted Living Residences and Nursing Homes. Alzheimer’s Association. (2006).